This Child Cancer Awareness month, People Who Do Things is raising money for Children with Cancer UK. Read Max’s story to find out why.
Women make up 52% of moviegoers, but (of the top 100 grossing films of 2017), only 8% of directors, 10% of writers, 2% of cinematographers, and 29% of protagonists. Only 1 woman has ever won the Oscar for Best Director, of only 5 to have ever been nominated. Women in UK politics is at a record high, with the number of men in the House of Commons finally surpassed by the total number of women ever elected. That’s still only 32% of the Commons, 26% of the Lords, and 26% of the Cabinet. Globally, the UK is ranked 49th for its ratio of women in Parliament (Rwanda coming first). Of the 2,300 paintings on display at the National Gallery, 11 are by women; 85% of the nudes, however, are of women. Business-wise, women account for 7% of EU board chairs and 6% of chief executives in the largest companies. While far more girls than boys join dance classes (43% compared to 12%), 18 years passed without the Royal Ballet commissioning a work by a single female choreographer on the main stage of the Royal Opera House. In England alone, one case of female genital mutilation (FGM) is discovered or treated every hour. Child trafficking hit a record high in 2017. Statistically, 85,000 women in the UK will be raped this year; 1 in 5 will experience sexual assault; over a million will live with domestic abuse.
Nearly 9 in 10 men in the UK want the women in their lives to have equal opportunity to them. White, disadvantaged men now have the lowest educational attainment levels of any group in UK society. Almost two-thirds of worldwide suicides are committed by men, with suicide being the single biggest killer of men aged 45 and under. While surveys show that 55% of boys would change their diet to look better and see eating disorders as both a male and female issue, 56% of the same boys would find it difficult to talk to adults about this. Almost 1 million men in the UK take steroids. 28 countries have better paternity leave, and a third of fathers who don’t take up their right of paternity leave do not because they could not afford it.
MENTAL HEALTH IN THE UK
Currently mental health research is only receiving 5.5% of the total UK health research spending. Its estimated global cost is £1.6 trillion greater than cancer, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease and heart disease on their own.
Approximately 1 in 4 people in the UK will experience a mental health problem each year. About 4% of children aged 5 – 16 in the UK are depressed or anxious. 50% of mental health problems are established by age 14 and 75% by age 24. 10% of children and young people (aged 5-16 years) have a clinically diagnosable mental problem, yet 70% of children and adolescents who experience mental health problems have not had appropriate interventions at a sufficiently early age.
For men in the UK, suicide is the biggest cause of death, 78% (4 in 5) suicides are by men. Men make up 95% of the prison population, with 72% of male prisoners suffering from two or more mental disorders. 12.5% of men in the UK are suffering from one of the common mental health disorders. Men report significantly lower life satisfaction than women in the Government’s national well-being survey – with those aged 45 to 59 reporting the lowest levels of life satisfaction. On average, 191,000 men a year report stress, depression or anxiety caused or made worse by work – an average of 1.2% of men in work over a 12 months period
PLASTIC SURGERY IN THE UK
In the UK, over 28,000 cosmetic operations took place in 2017.
Women account for 91% of cosmetic procedures in the UK. The number of men opting for cosmetic surgery has almost doubled in the past decade.
2017 saw a drop in all forms of men’s body treatments including liposuction, tummy tucks and ‘man boobs’ reduction (gynaecomastia). In place of these procedures, men are now showing a noticeable preference for facial procedures including: eyelid and brow lifts surgery and facelifts. This change may be partly attributed to the media’s adoption and celebration of the ‘Dad Bod’, whereby some men feel under less pressure to sport a sculpted figure.
Women’s choices of surgical procedures in 2017 predominately focused on their bodies. Facelifts in women are down by 44%, breast augmentation went up by 7%. Breast augmentation remains the most popular procedure amongst UK women.
Millennials are expected to take as many as 25,000 selfies in their lifetime – more than half of women admit to enhancing every photo they ever post. Women prefer and post more portrait shots with direct eye contact – men prefer full body shots. Social media viewers are statistically kinder to men.
USA, Brazil, Japan, Italy and Mexico – account for 41.4% of the world’s cosmetic procedures, followed by Russia, India, Turkey, Germany and France.
Across the globe, breast augmentation is also the most popular cosmetic procedure. In 2016 the procedure with the biggest rise in demand was Labiaplasty, rising by 45%. The least popular cosmetic surgery in 2016 was penile enlargement, which also saw the largest decrease in number of procedures (-28%).
The human body is mostly just water.
So is Planet Earth. It should really be called Planet Water.
Every 90 seconds a child dies from a water-related disease.
More people have a mobile phone than a toilet.
844 million people can’t access safe water.
If they did, $32 billion would be saved in healthcare costs each year.
Plastic is the most common element found in the ocean.
300,000 dolphins and porpoises get tangled in litter and die every year.
In the Pacific Ocean, there is an island of garbage twice as big as Texas.
Most oil pollution comes not from oil spills but drainage from land (i.e. us).
GUN VIOLENCE IN THE USA
No, we’re not making this up.
Since January 1st of this year, (today being March 28th, 2018), 3,338 people have been killed by gun crime in the United States.
There have been 51 mass shootings within this time.
Go on the Gun Violence archive to learn more.
GENDER PAY GAP DEADLINE DAY!
Today is 4 April: annual deadline for all UK businesses with 250+ employees to calculate and publish their gender pay gaps, according to legislation introduced in April last year.
By midnight tonight, all information should be public. Rebecca Hilsenrath, head of the Equality and Human Rights Commission, has promised businesses who fail to comply that they will be named and shamed.
It’s definitely progress, and general analyses demonstrate the pay gap shrinking in all UK countries. But there is still a way to go:
Judging by data already out, the City (unsurprisingly) gives one of the grimmer readings. JPMorgan pays men at its investment bank in London more than twice as much as their female colleagues, with women’s bonus cheques 64% lower.
This is the first step in what will be a complicated process of neutralising discrimination that is implicit as much as explicit.
Two types you need to know about: uncontrolled and controlled
- The general stat for the UK is that women earn c.16% less than men in the private sector and 13% less in the public – but that only tells part of the story. This stat is representative of the uncontrolled gender pay gap, which looks at a median salary for all men and women regardless of factors like job type, worker seniority, etc. It overlooks the true disparity: that women are less likely to hold high-level, high-paying jobs than men. That amounts to a gap in opportunity more than relative salary.
- Nevertheless, even when we compare men and women at same-level job, a gap remains, though it is less substantial. This is the controlled gender pay gap, the gap that remains between men and women when you control for job title, years of work experience, and other influential factors.
The data so far
- The gender pay gap for full-time workers favours men for all occupations
- The pay gap is lower for low earning jobs than for high earning jobs; ONS statistics show that the highest paid men are paid 54.9% more than their female colleagues
- The gap for full-time workers is small for younger employees, but from age 40 the gap widens, peaking 50 and 59
- Across 2017, women’s pay growth in respect of age was lower than men’s; it also stopped growing at a younger age
- Interesting to note is the reverse pay gap in part-time work, i.e. female part-time employees are paid more per hour, on average, than male part-time employees (this has been declining, with male earnings increasing by more than for women in this category)
- Also interesting is that Northern Ireland has achieved the lowest gender pay gap, reaching below 0% in recent years: that is to say women are paid, on average, more than men (analysis concludes this is because there is a higher proportion of public to private sector jobs than in the rest of the UK, and that these jobs are dominated by women as well as being higher paid)
- England has the highest gender pay gap in the UK, averaging 10%
GENDER PAY GAP?? WHAT ABOUT THE GENDER POCKET MONEY GAP?
A 2017 report showed that girls aged five to 16 receive £2.20 (20%) less per week than boys. Bringing us to our discussion of the week: IS IT UP TO THE CORPORATIONS?
We love Tea.
To celebrate National Tea Day, we’ve put together some fun facts about tea!
- The British have been drinking tea for nearly 400 years
- Tea breaks are traditions that have been with us for approximately 200 years. Initially when workers commenced their day at around 5 or 6am, employers allowed a break in the morning when food and tea were served. Some employers repeated the break in the afternoon as well
- Tea costs approximately 3p per cup to make. Coffee costs 6.5p
- Tea outsells coffee by 2 to 1
- There are 26 tea-growing nations. The principal ones are India,China, Sri Lanka, Kenya and Indonesia
- Over 50% of our tea comes from East Africa – Kenya, Malawi,Zimbabwe
- The UK imports and consumes 140 thousand tonnes of tea per year
- The UK drinks 165 million cups per day – 62 billion cups per year
- There are estimated to be about 1,500 different varieties of tea
- In a recent study, 80% of staff claim they find out more about what’s going on at work over a cup of tea than in any other way
- The UK tea market is worth circa £700 million annually
- Average consumption is circa 3 cups per day (10 years old and over)
- 70% of population (over 10yrs old) drank tea yesterday
- 95% of tea is consumed in tea bags
- 86% of tea is consumed at home, 14% out of home
- 93% of tea consumed is a blend – 7% speciality tea. Earl Grey 50% of speciality market
- Over 25% of milk consumed in UK is taken with tea
- 98% of people take milk with tea
- 45% of people take sugar with their tea
LITERACY IN THE UK
- According to our estimates 53,798,329 persons or 99% of adult population (aged 15 years and above) in United Kingdom are able to read and write.
- Therefore, about 543,417 adults are illiterate.
- Literacy rate for adult male population is 99%, and 267,859 are illiterate.
- Literacy rate for adult female population is 99%, and 275,558 are illiterate.
- Youth literacy rates are 99% and 99% for males and females accordingly. The overall youth literacy rate is 99%. Youth literacy rate definition covers the population between the ages of 15 to 24 years.
LGBT+ DISCRIMINATION UK
- Over 60 per cent of those surveyed admit to not intervening when they heard derogatory comments in the past year
- One in five people admit to making offensive remarks about LGBT people in the past year
- Research shows women twice as likely to confront someone they hear making offensive comments
- One in six lesbian, gay and bi people have experienced a homophobic hate crime or incident in the past three years
- One in ten of those were physically assaulted
- Two thirds did not report it to anyone
- Two in five trans people have been physically intimidated
- A hate crime is a criminal offence perceived by the victim or someone else as being motivated by prejudice or hate.
- A hate incident is any non-crime perceived by the victim or someone else as being motivated by prejudice or hate.
- A hate crime or hate incident is based upon any of the following: race or ethnicity, sexual orientation, religion or belief, disability, or transgender identity
All stats reported on stonewall.org.uk